In the hot summer, the blood pressure of patients with hypertension is prone to large fluctuations, such as chest tightness, shortness of breath, headache and insomnia, and accidents such as cerebral infarction and myocardial infarction frequently occur. In the face of high temperature weather, how should patients with high blood pressure stay in summer?
Many patients have found that blood pressure in summer is usually lower than in winter. This is because the summer temperature is high, people’s blood vessels are diastolic and sweaty, so blood pressure will drop to varying degrees. However, this blood pressure drop caused by temperature is not stable, and the patient can regularly monitor the blood pressure value under the guidance of a doctor and adjust the medication appropriately.
In order to better control blood pressure, patients should also have five attentions.
1. Pay attention to a reasonable diet
In summer, people’s digestive tract function declines, appetite declines, water loss is more, and patients with hypertension need special attention. On the one hand, the diet should be light, and at the same time to balance nutrition; on the other hand, you should always add water, even if you feel less thirsty, you should always drink water.
2. Pay attention to ensure sleep time and quality
People will have a drop in blood pressure during sleep, so the circadian law of blood pressure should be maintained. When the quality of sleep in summer is reduced, the blood pressure will rise and the damage to the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases will be aggravated. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure the sleep time and quality.
3. Take care to avoid cold and heat
Many people with high blood pressure have been well controlled, and they are unstable in the summer, which is related to improper use of air conditioners. Especially when I came home from the hot external environment, the temperature of the air conditioner was too low. When it was hot and cold, the blood vessels would suddenly change from the original diastolic state to the contracted state, which laid a hidden danger for the blood pressure. It is recommended that patients with hypertension should pay special attention to maintaining a good living environment. The room temperature should be kept between 22 °C and 26 °C. Open the window in the morning and evening to ensure that the indoor air is fresh.
4. Pay attention to the appropriate reduction in exercise intensity
In summer, the consumption of the human body is larger than other seasons, and the mode of activity of hypertensive patients should also be appropriately adjusted to focus on rest. But this does not mean that you always rest and do not exercise, but to reduce the intensity of exercise, so as not to cause a sudden increase in blood pressure due to excessive exercise. Sports programs suitable for hypertensive patients include tai chi, walking, jogging, swimming, etc., which are conducive to relaxation, regulation of nerves, and expansion of blood vessels.
5. Pay attention to taking medication according to the law of blood pressure fluctuation
People’s blood pressure is fluctuating. The blood pressure is the highest at 6 o’clock in the morning and 6 o’clock in the afternoon. It is slightly lower at noon and 2 o’clock in the morning. The regularity of blood pressure changes in one year is low in summer. Therefore, patients with hypertension can adjust medication according to doctor’s advice, avoid low blood pressure, and induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Prevention and treatment of high blood pressure is a protracted war. Everyday must achieve “three persistences”: 1. Adhere to taking antihypertensive drugs and control blood pressure for a long time; 2. Persist in measuring blood pressure, understand the blood pressure control before morning and medication; 3. Persist Follow the doctor, adjust the treatment plan at any time under the guidance of a doctor to achieve long-term stable control of blood pressure.